End Fed Long Wire Antennas

One of the most popular antennas today is the end fed long wire antenna due to it ease of installation, portability and stealth in various installations. It can be a condo dweller’s only access to the world of ham radio or the best alternative for a backpacking SOTA (Summits on the Air) mountaintop expedition.

The antenna is simple to deploy, folds up easily for transport, and weighs under a pound, yet, with the proper length of wire, can work the 80-10 meter bands easily with the built in antenna tuner of most current day transceivers. You will need several components for a successful deployment of the end fed antenna and these are shown in the diagram below:

End Fed Antenna Chain - End Fed Long Wire Antennas


Impedance Transformer - End Fed Long Wire AntennasThe antenna impedance matching components (BOX “Z” above) to match the antenna impedance to the coax line impedance (usually 50 ohms).  For non-resonant end fed  antennas, the typical feed point impedance is 300 to 600 ohms and a 9:1 impedance transformer (e.g. 450 ohm average antenna impedance to 50 ohm coax, also know as a 9:1 unun).  For do-it-yourself antenna builders, 9:1 impedance transformer  information is HERE

Feed Line Choke - End Fed Long Wire AntennasWith end fed antennas, the coax is meant to radiate as part of the antenna system (serving as the “ground” or counterpoise) and therefore you need to use a Feed line Choke (BOX “FC” above) to suppress the common mode current on the outside of the coax feed line so it does not enter the radio and cause garbled communication.. The Feed line (FC) acts as a stop sign for RF current flowing back on the outside of the coax.  The higher the choking resistance of the feed line choke, the less the coax braid RFI common mode current, and the less noise enters the radio.  Feed Line choke alternatives are HERE.

Radio System - End Fed Long Wire AntennasThe radio station is also a key component of the antenna system and has two functions: transmit and receive.  Matching the transmitter to the coax feed line is often done with an antenna tuner and receiver systems should be installed to maximize signal to noise ratio.  Reducing receiver noise is critical for weak signal reception and the use of coax noise filters AND receiver power supply lines (AC or DC) noise filters is usually needed for optimum reception. Reducing RFI generated by the radio station (you are the SOURCE of RFI) or received by your radio station (you are the VICTIM of RFI) is an important aspect of radio station operations.  Palomar Engineers has many solutions for RFI problems – Click HERE to develop alternative strategies depending on your particular situation.

Want to compare End Fed Antennas?  See: End Fed Antenna Secrets (PDF)

The “Bullet” End Fed Long Wire Antenna

The key to end fed antenna success is the matching network interface between the long wire antenna and the coax feed line and feed line choke at the transceiver.  Palomar Engineers employs a dual core matching system that offers wide bandwidth (1-61 MHz), 500 watt PEP rating, and a connection for a counterpoise or ground if desired.

The antenna can be used as a sloper, “L” with a vertical section and a longer horizontal section, or as a random horizontal antenna between two trees or supports.

Our network matching network is called the “Bullet” because of it shape and its effectiveness at taking down or contacting distant (DX) stations all over the world under the right conditions.  The Bullet uses all stainless steel connectors and a dual core ferrite 9:1 unun for higher power rating then many competitive products.

We sell the Bullet components separately so you can add you own wire type and length or you can purchase a complete antenna system including wire and end insulator.


End Fed Long Wire Antennas

Need a high performance, multi-band, stealthy antenna system that is easy to setup and use? Get the Bullet-9 matching unit, the antenna wire and insulator all in one convenient package (great for HOA restricted areas, camping and portable operations) and remember to add the feed line choke. Multiple lengths available depending upon bands coverage desired and choose 100, 500, 1500 and 5000 watt power levels.


Typical installations are shown below:


Bullet End Fed Antenna Notes (PDF)